Exchange Server Mailqueue stuck and growing

Beginning 2022, Microsoft gifted all on-premises customers with something special: The mail queue of on-premises Exchange 2016 & 2019 servers stopped being processed.

The Eventlog shows errors like this:

  • Event ID 5300
    The FIP-FS „Microsoft“ Scan Engine failed to load. PID: 21744, Error Code: 0x80004005. Error Description: Can’t convert „2201010006“ to long.
  • Event ID 1106
    The FIP-FS Scan Process failed initialization. Error: 0x80004005. Error Details: Unspecified error

Unspecified error is cool, because it gives you no hint what goes really wrong. No matter if it is a late “new-year-bug” or (like many people think) Microsoft’s try to force all customers to Exchange Online, find the solution here. You need to disable / reset the scan engine:

Solution 1: Manual fix

Step 1: Disable the Anti-Malware Scan
Microsoft has a default script for that in each Exchange installation:

& $env:ExchangeInstallPath\Scripts\Disable-Antimalwarescanning.ps1
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

Step 2: Set Antimalware to BYPASS for each of your servers

Set-MalwareFilteringServer <strong><YOURSERVERNAME></strong> -BypassFiltering $true
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

Step 3: Restart the Transport Service

Restart-Service MSExchangeTransport -Force
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

Step 4: Monitor the Queue shrink

Get-Queue
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

You can also use the queue viewer inside mmc. That also works fine.

Step 5: Restart and update the scan engine (Scripts are again in the folder $env:ExchangeInstallPath\Scripts\ )

Set-MalwareFilteringServer <strong><YOURSERVERNAME></strong> -BypassFiltering $false Update-MalwareFilteringServer <strong><YOURSERVERNAME></strong>
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

Step 6: Verify the Engine and your queue not growing again

Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.Forefront.Filtering.Management.Powershell Get-EngineUpdateInformation Get-Queue
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

The UpdateVersion must be 2112330001 or higher. If not, or if your queue grows again, stop the scanner and leave it disabled. Continue investigating in a test environment.

Solution 2: Automated fix

If you want Microsoft to fix the issue for you, head over to https://aka.ms/ResetScanEngineVersion and execute, what you find here. Remember to set your Execution Policy to RemoteSigned before you execute the script:

Set-ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned
Code language: PowerShell (powershell)

More details can be found in the official documentation: Email Stuck in Exchange On-premises Transport Queues – Microsoft Tech Community

Published by Andreas

Founder of M365 Evangelists Cloud-Architect, Strategy Consultant, Consultant for Microsoft technologies, Graph API enthusiast, PowerShell enthusiast
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